Copied by at least twenty-two makers (illustrated below and on other pages) the South Bend 9" "Workshop" must be the most cloned lathe ever with examples being manufactured, adapted and developed in Argentine, Australia, Brazil, England, France, Sweden and Taiwan. Where more details have been found for particular manufacturers hyperlinks against each machine will take you to further pages. In England three firms made copies: Ace, Boxford, and Smart & Brown - the latter as part of a wide range of machines but the former two as their only smaller and proper screwcutting lathe. Four known (and possibly a sixth unknown) were made in Australia in the years immediately following World War Two: the Hercus, Purcell, Sheraton and Parkanson (should any reader have an example of the latter, the writer would be interested to hear from you) The most successful of these was Hercus, who produced a machine that was steadily developed to meet more modern requirements. Purcell was owned by Mr. William Crooks who, having bought the Purcell Engineering Company in 1940, expanded that company's range (previously marketed using the "Vanguard" label) to include smaller lathes and other machine tools. In addition to the South Bend 9-inch copy the company also made a wide range of other lathes of various sizes - and information about these is sought. Although production of Purcell lathes ceased around 1960, Mr Crooks also had an interest in a distribution company, Demco Machine Tools of Sydney who marketed the New Visby and Record brands. The Sheraton was made in Bayswater, Melbourne, from the early 1950s until 1981. The Sheraton "Conquest" was a geared-head version of the South Bend 10-inch while other, smaller lathes of a different design, the Cub and Cadet for example, were also manufactured. Sheraton had a very close relationship with Demco and leased most of their (usually Czechoslovakian TOS) machine tools from them; in turn Demco (the import agents for TOS) acted as agents for Sheraton lathes and sometimes badged them as their own, with all the Sheraton badging removed. It is likely that a version of the Sheraton was made badged "Demco" and sold as a top-of-the-range Model A with a larger spindle, screwcutting gearbox, power cross-feed and 4-step V-belt pulley drive. Reports from Australia suggest that one of the reasons for the demise of Sheraton was its move from what was described as a "...dingy, brick rabbit-warren old factory..." on Heidelberg Road to new premises some distance away. Many skilled workers, being unwilling to travel so far, took redundancy compensation and the company lost several key personnel. At some point the Sheraton concern was purchased by the UK-based 600 machine-tool group who also handled, through their Selson Company, the import of TOS lathes into the UK - as well as having many other world-wide machinery interests.
Another copy, though somewhat developed, was the Moody, manufactured by Matthew Moody & Sons of Terrebonne in Quebec, Canada. This lathe had an 11-inch swing, a roller-race headstock, a much larger spindle bore and a number of detail differences. If you have a Moody, please make contact.
Even in Sweden, home to many makers of fine-quality machinery, the benefits of copying an established machine were recognised with three makers involved in making copies: the not-uncommon Storebro and Blomqvist and the much rarer Asbrinks from the city of Malmo. Only one Asbrinks has come to light - and that in Liverpool, England (could it have been smuggled off a Swedish ship? Such goings-on were not unknown in port towns...). If you have an Asbrinks, please do contact the writer
Although probably not produced in great numbers copies were also made in Brazil by Sanches Blanes S.A. (with machine labels marked: Industria de Maquinas Ferramentas. Ribeiraopires SP Industria Brasileira) and by a company of which little is known "Usina Metalúrgica Joinville S.A." at Joinville city, Santa Catarina State. The latter machine exhibited far more significant changes to the original than any other clone with adjustable bronze headstock bearings and an entirely novel design of apron. If any reader can help with details of the Joinville company the writer would be pleased to hear from them.
Brazil was also home to yet another version, a rather well-developed machine and manufactured by Boffelli & Finazzi.
Unsurprisingly, the Taiwanese also made a version (though not really a copy), this being highly modified and including a number of unusual features. It was marketed in the USA as the "Select", in South Africa as the Fragram LHB 108 but in other markets as the David 600 and also under its makers name, Lin Huan.
Four other mysterious examples are the NSTC (shown below), this apparently being an American-made example but about which nothing is known; the (presumably) French-made UFP; a version discovered in South Africa without any branding and sufficiently different to all the other clones to be recognised as a unique model and, most remarkable of all, a geared-head version of the South Bend 9-inch (also pictured below) - which may or may not be a "UFP"
Incredibly, the lathe continued in production into the 21st century with an improved copy of the late Model 10K (from the 1950s) being built in China and sold by Grizzly.