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Colchester Master 2500 Lathe - Page 1 of 2
Clausing 13" Models 8014, 8015, 8016, 8017
Master 2500 Headstock & Carriage
A Handbook & Parts Manual is available for the Master 2500
COLCHESTER HOME  Bantams Original   Bantams 800, 1600 & 2000 Modern   Chipmaster   Student 1800   Mascot 1600   Student/Master Mk. 1 & Mk. 2   Student 3100   Master Original 1930s/40s  Master 2500   Triumph Mk. 1 & Mk. 2   Triumph 2000   Mascot - 1950s  Mastiff 1400   Magnum   Serial Numbers   Outline of Colchester Range as Text Only   Factory  Testing  Catalogue Covers   Early Drive System   Colchester 1909/14   Colchester 1919   Colchester 1920s



Constructed in the style of the already established and very successful 7.5-inch centre height Triumph 2000 and 8.5-inch Mascot 1600, the 6.5 inch (165 mm) centre height Master 2500 (together with its close cousin the Student 1800), continued Colchester's traditional use of two names that had been synonymous with lathes of an almost perfect design and capacity for both training and professional workshops since the early 1950s. As with older Student and Master Models the lathes shared the vast majority of their components and had only small but nevertheless significant differences in their specifications - all of which, in the case of the newer machines, centred on the headstock and drive system. The model number of each lathe referred to its top speed that, in the case of the "Master 2500" was reached by a more refined and stronger system than used on the Student 1800 and consisted of a 3.75 kW (5 hp) motor that drove through 2 V-belts to an instant-acting forward and reverse wet-type multi-plate clutches (made by either Matrix in England or Ortlinghaus in Germany) mounted inside the headstock on the rearmost layshaft. The lubrication of the "Master 2500" headstock reflected the harder work the lathe was intended to undertake (in comparison with the 1800) and was taken care of by an impellor-type pump mounted on a oil tank fitted inside the headstock-end plinth and driven from an extension to the main-motor spindle; from the tank the oil was taken to a "distributor block" fastened beneath the headstock's top cover and from there by pipes to the required locations. A flow-indicator sight-glass was fitted to the front headstock face to allow the operator to check that oil was flowing correctly. On early models the headstock was fitted with an automatic "spring-applied" brake that brought the spindle to a halt when the control on the apron was returned to neutral; later machines used a much more powerful automotive-type expanding brake, controlled by a full-length foot pedal between the stand's headstock and tailstock-end plinths (and interconnected with the headstock clutches) that was able to bring the heaviest job to a rapid stop
The 9.5-inch (230 mm) wide bed, induction hardened and ground-finished as standard, was of the usual Colchester V-and-flat type with separate pairs of ways for the carriage and tailstock. It was available in two lengths that gave either 25 or 40 inches (635 mm and 1000 mm) between centres and both could be had both with and without a detachable gap piece that allowed material up to 19-inches (480 mm) in diameter and 4.5-inch (115 mm) thick to be swung on the (optional-extra) 12 or 18-inch diameter faceplates. Gamet Super Precision taper roller bearings) the 1.625" (40 mm) bore, 4-in D1 Cam Lock nose spindle was especially rigid and had been designed in conjunction with the British Machine Tool Industry Research Association. Not all the gears in the headstock were hardened, only those under the greatest strain, but all were ground finished on Reishauer machines. The headstock casting could be adjusted laterally on the bed, although before altering the factory setting the owner was strongly cautioned to consult the (very comprehensive) owner's manual. 16 speeds were available, from 30 to 2500 rpm and, because of the high top speed and the lathe's ability to mount very large jobs, the makers warned against the use of other than the dynamically balanced, ductile-iron chucks with hardened scrolls that had been specially commissioned from Burnerd; if a new chuck is required on these lathes it would be unwise to fit anything other than one recommended by a reputable Western manufacturer. You are welcome to email for details of quality replacements that we can recommend.
Spindle speeds were selected by a pair of concentrically mounted paddle levers that worked through an ingenious and compact mechanism, with (for a machine tool) an almost foolproof system of colour coding to indicate the settings. Once the motor had been switched on by a headstock-mounted push-button starter the spindle control was by a single lever pivoted from the right-hand apron wall and working through a 'third shaft' parallel and below the feed shaft and leadscrew and connected by links to a cross shaft that passed through the bed just in front of the headstock. Combined with its headstock clutches this control allowed the lathe (which was intended for serious, heavy-duty use) to be started, stopped and instantly reversed while the motor remained running. On the Student 1800, a cheaper lathe more suited to a role as an economical training and repair machine, the control simply switched the motor to forward, reverse and off. The lathe was also fitted with headstock-mounted emergency stop button that operated through the obligatory "no-volt" release (to prevent the motor restarting after a power cut) and a motor-run warning light to alert the hard-of-hearing, or those working in a noisy environment, that things were "active" and the controls not to be casually played with.
Drive to the oil-bath dual Metric/English screwcutting gearbox was by splined 1.5 MOD  20PA "metric" gears. The box was totally enclosed, fitted with hardened and ground gears throughout and operated by three conventional levers plus one that moved through an unusual, 8-position vertical gate. A wide range of pitches and feeds was possible without dismounting or changing any of the changewheels: 39 Metric from 0.2 mm to 14.0 mm; 18 Module from 0.3 to 3.5m; 45 English from 2 to 72 t.p.i. and 21 Diametral from 8 to 44 D.P.  The range of sliding feeds varied from 0.001" to 0.040" (0.03 mm to 1.0 mm) and surfacing feeds (at half the sliding rates), from 0.0005" to 0.020" (0.015 mm to 0.5 mm) - all per revolution of the spindle. Both the leadscrew and the powershaft were protected by special shear pins, the specification of which was outlined in the manual with strict instructions not to vary the material used.
Continued below:



Colchester 6.5" x 40" Master Model  2500

Continued:
The apron was doubled-walled, with all the shafts supported on bearing at each end, and the base closed off to form an oil bath. In the lower left-hand corner of the front face of the apron was the operating button for a hand-operated plunger pump that fed lubricant to the bed and cross slide ways and cross-fed nut; although the pump was listed as a standard item on the Master only, some Students of both "1800" (and "3100") varieties have been found with it as well, despite it not appearing in the options List.
The power feeds were selected by a push/pull button and positively engaged by a lever that allowed the feed to be instantly stopped regardless of how deep and heavy the cut was. A thread-dial indicator was fitted as standard to the right-hand apron wall.
The carriage traverse handwheel (which was available with a very useful collar that indicated travel) could be pulled out to disengage it when power feeds were being used - though it is unclear if this was a standard fitting during all the years of production. The Compound slide rest was machined all over and fitted with taper gib strips that allowed a very precise fit to be obtained while giving far superior support in comparison with the cheaper "loose-strip" type. The 8.25-inch travel cross slide was especially wide and fitted with a cross-feed screw that could be adjusted to reduce backlash; although the slide was devoid of T slots and tapped holes - and so appeared, at a glance, to be incapable of mounting any accessories - the edges of the slide were machines to accept slide-on T-slotted and plain blocks that could hold a variety of items including hydraulic profiling units, and parting-off and other special tools. While the top slide could be rotated through 360 degrees the standard toolpost was, unfortunately, a barely-adequate and very simple slotted block able to hold just one tool. As an option, as on Most Colchester lathes, the micrometer dials could be specified as dual-reading with both inch and metric calibrations.
The set-over tailstock had a No. 3 Morse taper hardened barrel engraved with metric and inch graduations and, happily, a large diameter zeroing micrometer dial on the handwheel.
Constructed around two cast-iron plinths, the stand had a slide-out chip tray positioned between them. Surprisingly, the stand offered no storage at all, in either the plinths or under the centre section, even though this would not have been difficult to engineer and would have made life a lot easier for the operator who was, without separate locker space being provided by the lathe, otherwise condemned to transport all his tools to and from his work-station each shift.
The 25-inch Capacity Master 2500 weighed approximately 840 kg and the long-bed 40-inch version around 890 kg...

Like the first lathes in the new Series introduced during the latter half of the 1960s (Mascot 1600 and Triumph 2000) the Master 2500 was a revolution in styling and specification and, with its distinctive 'square' styling, ergonomically-designed controls and bright finish, made the competition look distinctly dowdy and old-fashioned.

The apron was doubled-walled, with all the shafts supported on bearing at each end, and the base closed off to form an oil bath. In the lower left-hand corner of the front face of the apron was the operating button for a hand-operated plunger pump that fed lubricant to the bed and cross slide ways and cross-fed nut; although the pump was listed as a standard item on the Master only, some Students of both "1800" (and "3100") varieties have been found with it as well, despite it not appearing in the  Options' List.



A Handbook & Parts Manual is available for the Master 2500

Colchester Master 2500 Lathe - Page 1 of 2
Clausing 13" Models 8014, 8015, 8016, 8017
Master 2500 Headstock & Carriage
COLCHESTER HOME  Bantams Original   Bantams 800, 1600 & 2000 Modern   Chipmaster   
Student 1800   Mascot 1600   Student/Master Mk. 1 & Mk. 2   Student 3100   Master Original 1930s/40s  Master 2500   Triumph Mk. 1 & Mk. 2   Triumph 2000   Mascot - 1950s  Mastiff 1400   Magnum   Serial Numbers   Outline of Colchester Range as Text Only   Factory  Testing  Catalogue Covers   Early Drive System   Colchester 1909/14   Colchester 1919   Colchester 1920s

email:tony@lathes.co.uk
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