email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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ZM Skarzysko Watchmaker's Lathe
Type TZ-40 from Poland

Other lathes for watchmakers

It is not known how many makers of watch lathes there were in Poland - but there were certainly at least two: ZDZ (Zaklad Doskonalenia Zawodowego) based in Krakow and ZM Skarzysko - whose home town is presently unknown, unless, of course, it was Skarzysko-Kamienna, in the Swietokrzyski Region. In addition, as a number of previously unknown examples -  some of unusual and interesting design - keep appearing from time to time on Polish auction sites, there must have been others.
As lathes of the type shown below have been made since 1859 - invented by Charles S. Moseley in the United States - and manufactured by dozens of different companies, it would be unsurprising to find that the Skarzysko was a direct copy of something already produced. However, although some aspects look similar to the Swiss Bergeon and the design is also very similar to the Polish ZDZ, it does appear sufficiently different to be classed as the maker's own effort.
Of a light pattern, with a round bed with one face flattened, the Skarzysko Model TZ-40 is classed as a "Geneva" type and would probably have taken 8 mm collets. It was offered - as were all lathes made for watchmakers - in a fitted wooden box with a section of essential and not so essential accessories. In the kit illustrated below, which might be described as mid-range, was a very reasonable collection of items including a set of 48 wire collets and the necessary draw tube, a box chuck, two tailstock (one with lever feed), a compound slide rest assembly with rather widely-space graduations on its small dials and - unusual for a watch lathe, a 4-way toolpost, a hand T-rest and a ring-scroll 3-jaw chuck with reversible face jaws.
While the fit and finish of the Skarzysko appears to have fallen  short of that exhibited on lathes by such well-established German makers such as G.Boley, Leinen and Wolf Jahn, it does seem to have been a decent effort with, no doubt, the compensation of a very much lower price..

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Other lathes for watchmakers

lathes.co.uk
ZM Skarzysko Watchmaker's Lathe
Type TZ-40 from Poland
email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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