W. Cook Lathe
Manufactured in London, on Vauxhall Walk in the south east of the city, the simple plain-turning W. Cook lathe was typical of the mid Victorian era. Although the surviving examples are all plain-turning, non-backgeared machines of the simplest kind, it would be very surprising if more sophisticated types were not also offered. On the model shown below (of about 5" x 24") the solid spindle ran in a single plain front bearing with the end of supported against a hardened point. This design, widely used on small lathes both of high quality and for the amateur market, allowed an accurate, relatively high-speed assembly to be engineered with relative ease. The headstock pulley was intended to take a round leather "gut" drive rope, with the deep V-grooves allowing the belt to be pulled in and drive on the flanks. With no need for a carriage to slide up and down the bed under power, the bed, instead of traditional English flat ways with V-edges, had a good sized V at the back and a flat at the front.
If you have one of the few surviving W. Cook lathes, the writer would be interested to hear about it.