email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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Arundel Wood Lathes

Arundel Page 2   Arundel Page 3 - J4 Junior J4 Senior

Literature for Arundel lathes is available




Made in Newark, England, by D. Arundel & Co. (founded 1947) Arundel lathes were noted for their fine finish and smooth, vibration free running. For a small company a surprisingly wide range of models was offered - not for them the Myford scheme of only ever offering two types. While some Arundel lathes were of very simple but rugged construction like the E5 with its split-bearing headstock assembly, others, like the J4 and M300, were even more robust with enclosed cast-iron headstocks and a choice of plain or roller-bearing spindle assemblies. The very best machine was their last, the twin-bar K series. The largest in the K range, the 600, featured solid-steel bed bars and drive by either V or Poly-V belts. The drive pulley was overhung on the end of the spindle with the 7-speed drive coming from a built-on countershaft and motor assembly (the 7th speed arranged by driving directly from the motor) - an unusually generous number for any type of wood lathe. Of neat appearance, the headstock end of the lathe had fully enclosed belts and the switchgear built into the lower section of the headstock's front face. The standard bowl turning assembly was a separate unit that, as on other lathes in the Company's range, bolted to the bench. However, in this case, because the overhung pulley prevented the mounting of a thread on the left-hand end of the spindle, bowl turning was achieved by sliding the complete headstock-cum-motor assembly to the tailstock end of the bed where the bowl turning rest could be mounted. All K lathes were built to order and it was possible to specify one of five metallic colours, the bed length and the type and size of thread on the headstock spindle. Elements of this design are recognisable in today's popular and very successful range of  "Coronet" wood lathes machines manufactured in Sheffield, England by the Record Tool Company.
Probably the most popular (and affordable) Arundel was the 1960s to 1970s Model J4, made in Junior and Senior sizes and in Mk. 1 and Mk. 2 models. Although very similar in appearance, the Senior was of 6-inch centre height and the Junior 4.5". The Senior had an inboard spindle thread of M30 x 3.5 and an outboard of M20 x 2.5 while the Junior used an outboard of M20 x 2.5 and inboard M24 x 2.5. Detail differences between the two models were evident in every casting -  pointing to the two machines being built as distinct machines and not just a simple modification of one from the other. An unusual feature of this type was the clever arrangement of the bed rails - standard drawn square-section steel bar with the front rail arranged with an edge (rather than a face) upwards to give what Arundel called a "prismatic-guiding edge". The rail to the rear was set so that a flat surface was uppermost. A three-speed V-belt or 4-step Poly-V belt drive was available and the standard bed length was 31" - though any length could, in fact, be ordered. Bowl turning was an option, using either the separate bench-mounted unit as fitted to the K series machine or a more robust unit (probably reserved for the J4 Senior, that clamped to the bed rails outboard of the headstock.
Some models - confirmed for the J4 - were available with a simple tilting sanding table that clamped to the bed rails in front of the headstock. However, this appears to have been the limit of the Company's ambition in this direction and, unlike Coronet, no bandsaw, mortising or other bigger attachments appear to have been offered.
If you have an Arundel lathe the writer would be interested to hear from you..

Twin bar-rail bed Arundel Model K450, K450HD, K600 4.5" x 18"/22"/36" This morn lathe used an overhung Poly-V pulley on the end of the headstock spindle. An effective, economical and very efficient arrangement.




On the Arundel K lathe, because the overhung pulley prevented the mounting of a thread on the left-hand end of the spindle, bowl turning was achieved by sliding the complete headstock-cum-motor assembly to the tailstock end of the bed where the bowl turning rest could be mounted.

Modern and effective Poly-V drive pulleys

The neat headstock end of the Arundel K4 with built-in switchgear and fully enclosed drive


Arundel page 2   Arundel Page 3 J4 Junior J4 Senior

Literature for Arundel lathes is available

Arundel Wood Lathes
email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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