- other bench precision lathes -
Although we list this as the French-made "Record", the only evidence for this comes from the single word "Record" stamped into the rear of the bedway. Of what is commonly referred to as a plain-turning "bench precision lathe" - as first offered by the American Stark Company in 1862 - the lathe has centre height of around 100 mm and takes perhaps 300 mm between centres.
Of what may be a unique form, the bed's ways are formed by front and rear flat sections with, raised between them, guiding ways set at an angle of about 60°. Clamped to the bad is a compound slide rest assembly with not only the top slide having the expected and necessary long travel, but the cross slide as well. The top slide on this class of lathe always requires a long travel as the whole compound unit is bolted to the bed and so cannot be slide along it other by unbolding and repositioning.
Like other lathes in this class, a form of power feed and screwutting was fitted, the drive passing from a set of change wheels driven by a gear on the end of the headstock spindle via a knuckle jointed and splined (carden) shaft to the top slide. In order to turn the cross-feed screw, the end of the Carden shaft was fitted with a bevel gear, a second bevel gear on the screw picking up the drive and turning it through 90°. Unfortunately, on the example illustrated, the changewheels are missing - but what has survived is most interesting, a small enclosed gearbox (or dog clutch) to engage and disengage the drive.
Running plain split bearing - with clamp screws at the rear - the headstock spindle carried a 3-step pulley which, from the appearance its groves, would have driven originally by a round leather belt - once referred to as a "gut drive" as in cat's gut...
No written data is known to survive about this maker so, should any reader be able to help, the writer would be pleased to hear from you.