C. & E. Marshall Co., of 1445 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Ill. U.S.A. branded three lathes as their own: the Marshall, the Peerless and the Moseley - the latter once being an independent company who had been absorbed by Marshall (an article about them is here). All three lathes had a centre height of 2 inches and followed the robust, well-established and very popular WW (Webster-Whitcombe) design. Two spindles were offered, to take either 8 mm or 6 mm collets - the latter being by far the more common and the most-used size on this class of lathe. A conventional WW-type bed with its heavy, half-round form and a flat top with bevelled edges was used by all models - but it was only the headstock that was located by the bed's outside bevels. The slide-rest, tool-rest and tailstock were pulled down into a single central "T-slot" but with sloping slides - a similar arrangement being used on some Rivett watchmakers' lathes (unfortunately fittings for many Marshall lathes will not interchange with the Moseley and Peerless, the former having a different bed design). Although the forces involved in using a tiny lathe are slight - and in practice the V-slot would have made no discernable difference to the performance of the lathe - the design it did have the distinct disadvantage that components from other WW-type models (which are often interchangeable make-to-make) could not be used.
While the Marshall used a rather special headstock spindle assembly, with pre-loaded super-precision ball bearings (usually supplied by the Norma Company) the Peerless and Moseley both stuck to the tried and tested plain-cone type with hardened and lapped steel components that were guaranteed to give very high speeds with complete reliability together with a long and trouble-free life. It appears that Marshall-Moseley lathe have a centre height at variance with the standard 50 mm of a "true" WW lathe, their measurement being an exact 2 inches (50.8 mm).
One interesting addition on late-model Marshall machines was the incorporation of a rather finely proportioned Y-shaped base plate, supported on three rubber-tipped feet, that extended rearwards to carry the 115V AC/DC motor - in this respect it mirrored some versions of the contemporary Leinen and Lorch models of the early 1950s.
Like most other watchmakers' lathes, the Marshall, Moseley and Peerless brands were given the usual (and very pleasing) dull nickel-plated finish - though towards the end of production those branded Marshall and Moseley were in chrome (with the possibility that some Peerless versions were as well); this finish, though attractive in a cosmetic sense, unfortunately caused unwanted reflections that could interfere with the operator's view of the job.
Late-model Peerless lathes have been found stamped "Peerless 2" - the digit signifying that the lathe had been adapted to accept the longer collets used in the Moseley. Older "classic" Mosely lathes had what was known as a invert "connoidal" collet (chuck) this being changed to a slightly longer one with a 20° head angle - the change perhaps coinciding with an alteration to the bed where an alignment bevel was provided along the front edge. These later style models have been found stamped "Moseley-Marshall"
If any reader has a Marshall, Moseley or Peerless lathe, the writer would be very interested to make contact..