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Marshall, Moseley and Peerless
Watchmaker's Lathes
Marshall, Moseley & Peerless Page 2

C. & E. Marshall Co., of 1445 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Ill. U.S.A. branded three lathes as their own: the Marshall, Peerless and Moseley - the latter once being an independent company absorbed by Marshall. All had a centre height of 2 inches and followed the robust, well-established and very popular WW (Webster-Whitcombe) design. Two spindles were offered, to take either 8 mm or 6 mm collets - the latter being by far the more common and the most-used size on this class of lathe. A conventional WW-type bed with its heavy, half-round form and a flat top with bevelled edges was used by all models - but it was only the headstock that was located by the bed's outside bevels. The slide-rest, tool-rest and tailstock were pulled down into a single central "T-slot" with sloping slides - a similar arrangement being used on some Rivett watchmakers' lathes. Although the forces involved in using a tiny lathe are slight - and in practice the V-slot would have made no discernable difference to the performance of the lathe - the design it did have the distinct disadvantage that components from other WW-type models (which are often interchangeable make-to-make) could not be used.
Whilst the Marshall used a rather special headstock spindle assembly, with pre-loaded super-precision ball bearings (usually supplied by Norma) the Peerless and Moseley both stuck to the tried and tested plain-cone type with hardened and lapped components that were guaranteed to give a long and trouble-free life.
One interesting addition on late model Marshall machines was the incorporation of a rather finely proportioned Y-shaped base plate, supported on three rubber-tipped feet, that extended rearwards to carry the 115V AC/DC motor.
Like most other watchmakers' lathes, the Marshall, Moseley and Peerless brands were given the usual (and very pleasing) dull nickel-plated finish - though towards the end of production those branded Marshall and Moseley were in chrome (with the possibility that some Peerless versions were as well); this finish, though attractive in a cosmetic sense, unfortunately caused unwanted reflections that could interfere with the operator's view of the job.
Late-model Peerless lathes have been found stamped "Peerless 2" -  the digit signifying that the lathe had been adapted to accept the longer collets used in the Moseley.
If any reader has a Marshall, Moseley or Peerless lathe, the writer would be very interested to make contact..

A well-preserved Peerless lathe in a chrome finish - probably manufactured during the 1940s

A pictures that clearly shows the modified form of WW-type bed used on some Marshall and all Moseley and Peerless versions - the bevelled outside edges have been replaced by a singe V-shaped slot down the centre

An early flat-top Moseley lathe by C. & E. Marshall

A rare Marshall lathe with an 8 mm collet capacity and triple slide-rest assembly

Marshall 8 mm collets

A fine example of a C & E Marshall lathe mounted on its original base
plate (with rubber-tipped feet) and complete with the proper motor

Underside of the cast-aluminium support frame

An 8 mm Marshall/Peerless marked
as the Model "2" at the tailstock end
and Marshall at the headstock--the digit signifying that the lathe had been adapted to accept the longer collets as used in the Moseley.

The Marshall stamp on the headstock-end face of the bed

An 8 mm Peerless marked  as the Model "2"

Photographs continued here



E-Mail Tony@lathes.co.uk 
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Marshall, Moseley and Peerless
Watchmaker's Lathes
Marshall, Moseley & Peerless Page 2