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MYFORD ML10 & Speed 10 Lathes
- and "Warco" and "Wey YII Corp. Pony" Clones -

MYFORD ML10 Continued on page 2

Myford Home Page

An Instruction Book & Parts Manual is available for the ML10

Myford ML10:
Long out of production in all its forms, the ML10 at 3.25" centre height and 13" (later 18") between centres was Myford's smallest modern lathe. Designed as an economical machine, especially suitable for beginners, the first one left the production line on November 14th, 1968 (though brochures had been received by dealers as early as January of the same year). With a flat-topped, V-edged bed (identical in form to that employed on the wonderful toolroom Hardinge HLV-H lathe) the ML10 was a perfectly-adequate small machine tool - though it did lack several of the refinements to be found on the company's larger lathes i.e. there was no gap in the bed, no tumble reverse, the backgear was not mounted on an eccentric but in a slotted bracket - and the headstock was clamped rather than bolted to the simple, flat-topped, box-section bed casting.
It occupied 35.75" in length (an ML7 was 42") and around 22" in width (almost identical to an ML7). On pre September 1985 models the countershaft/motor-unit was a separate assembly that had to be mounted on the bench, behind the lathe, with an adjustable "over-centre" belt-tensioning device to couple them together. Later machines, from Serial No. 159991 on the 11th of September, 1985, were improved and the lathe mounted on headstock and tailstock raiser blocks with the former being extended backwards to form a mounting for the motor-countershaft unit. Thus, like the ML7 and Super 7, the lathe became a complete unit and much easier to install and transport.
With three direct-drive and three geared slower speeds the ML10, unlike most of its European and Far-eastern competitors, had a proper, robust backgear assembly (the backgear bull wheel on the spindle was identical to that used on the ML7) and, so equipped, a very powerful drive was available with the slowest speed of 25 r.p.m. enabling it to cope with large diameter jobs and screwcutting. In addition, instead of miniature (and expensive) "Gates" belts as used by some continental competitors, Myford chose to use reliable, full-sized, inexpensive and easily-obtained "A" section V-belts.
Continued below:

First model Myford ML10   3.25" centre height and 13" between centres
with plain bearing headstock, dog clutch to leadscrew and fitted to raiser blocks.

ML10 Headstock
On early and late machines the headstock was different. The first model, with six speeds and a maximum of around 840 rpm, had a hardened spindle that ran directly in split bearings formed as part of the headstock casting. This combination of hardened steel running in cast iron (partially self-lubricating due to the free graphite found in the latter) is excellent from the wear point of view - and I have yet to find any ML10 with the headstock bearings in poor condition. You may be quite confident that this design principle is correct - tens of thousands of American South Bend (and other makes) have been constructed in this way - and are still going strong. The bearings on the ML10 were split on one side only and provided with a clamping screw; the space between each split was filled with a thick shim to provide a firm surface onto which the top cap could be pulled down. If the headstock bearings appear to be in correct adjustment it is important not to fiddle with them; simply ensure that they receive regular lubrication - and under no circumstances remove the shims. It is possible to vary the speed range of an ML10 by changing the size of the electric-motor pulley, but do bear in mind that the maximum recommended speed of a plain-bearing ML10 is 1280 rpm. Later machines, produced from January 18th, 1978, (from machine V137261) were fitted with grease-lubricated roller-bearing headstocks that, although provided by the factory with the same speed range as the earlier machine, can easily and safely be adapted by their owners to run as fast as the later "Speed 10" version (see below for details).
ML10 Changewheels, Screwcutting and Metric Conversions:
Available in both full metric and imperial versions each had compound-slide feed screws, micrometer dials and the leadscrew to the correct specification. To convert an imperial machine to metric screwcutting required only two 21t changewheels in addition to the normal set (it was not necessary to change the leadscrew) - while to convert the rest of the lathe to a metric specification (or the other way round) needed only the substitution of the correct cross and top-slide feed screws, nuts and micrometer dials. The lack of a tumble reverse meant that a reversing stud (mounted behind the spindle in a slotted bracket)  was necessary to cut left-hand threads; the changewheels and their mounting studs, fastened to a simple, single-slot banjo, were identical to those on the ML7.  The imperial leadscrew pitch was the same as the 7 Series lathes (eight threads per inch) and was available fitted with an optional and very useful dog-clutch that allowed the leadscrew drive to be instantly engaged and disengaged. On imperial machines from Serial No. V144354 the diameter of the threaded side of the leadscrew was increased from 5/16" BSF to 3/8" BSF with the same increase on metric versions from V144464.
ML10 Compound Slide, Apron and Saddle Assembly:
Although the cross slide was a little smaller than that on an ML7, the micrometer dial, hand-wheel and standard toolpost were identical. The cross-slide T-slots were spaced the same distance apart (which allowed a standard ML7/Super 7 vertical milling slides to be used) but the 4-way toolpost and rear toolpost were unique to the machine. The top slide fitting resembled that on the Super 7 with an inverted cone used to take the thrust from two opposing push bars that caused it to lock down onto the cross slide.
Geared directly to the leadscrew, the carriage handwheel and incorporated a thread-dial indicator; however, because the direct gearing caused the saddle travel to be rather "high-geared" (i.e. you turned the handle a little, and the saddle moved a lot) the leadscrew was provided, as standard, with an un-graduated handle at its right hand end. Used with the clasp nuts engaged, the leadscrew able to provide a much smoother and steadier saddle movement. From machine number V167714M, on the 27th of March 1993, the previously optional-extra 'long cross slide' was fitted as standard.
Like the ML7 the ML10 had a tailstock with a 1-inch diameter barrel, threaded 8 t.p.i. and with a No. 2 Morse taper - so allowing heavy-duty drilling. The barrel was bored clear and passed through the handwheel - an arrangement that did have some advantages, notably if used for long-hole boring when wood turning. Arranged so that it sat underneath the barrel - and so passed though the greatest mass of material - the tailstock spindle lock was of the proper (and powerful) split-barrel type arranged vertically instead of horizontally (as on the ML7). Again, like the unit on both the 7-Series lathes the tailstock on the ML10 could be set over for the turning of slight tapers (pictures at the bottom of the page) - though instead of a thick, adjustable gib block guided along a central slot, on the ML10 guidance was on the edges of the bed, with a gib strip at the back. Unfortunately, when the tailstock is slid off the bed, the strip can drop out - and has known to be lost when moving a machine about. If this is the case a new one is easy enough to make from a strip of mild steel. Dimensions: 75 mm long, 12.5 mm wide and 3 mm thick (2.9" x 0.44" x 0.125". Once made, put in place, screw in the gib-strip screws to mark the dimple locations and drill holes about 5 mm in diameter  and 1.5 mm deep.
Speed 10:
On the 4th of May 1979 a modified "two-speed" countershaft unit was introduced that carried an eccentrically-mounted top shaft with a double-step V-belt pulley drive from the motor; this arrangement doubled the number of speeds to twelve (of which ten were officially sanctioned as safe to use) with a range from 48 to 2000 r.p.m. This new model,  the "Speed 10", was identified by the prefix "VS" and the first down the production line carried the Serial Number VS143202M. Just one month later, on the 6th of June, the first Long-bed Speed 10 was manufactured (numbered VSL144264); with its 18-inch capacity between centres this model was introduced in an attempt to bridge the gap between the ML7 and ML10. The last incarnation of the ML10/Speed 10 was the "Diamond 10". Introduced on November 27th, 1993 and only sold directly from the factory (the first time that Myford had ever used this marketing technique) the lathe was to the same superior specification as the Speed 10.
A useful little machine, the ML10 was perfectly capable of tacking most jobs that the model or development engineer would wish to attempt, the only drawbacks being the simplicity of its construction - and basic controls. A friend, who is a full-time experimental and development engineer, bought a plain-bearing example n his impecunious days and held on to it for twenty-two years, finding it indispensable for all his small turning. With a 3-inch precision chuck mounted he often ran it (for short periods only) up to 40000 r.p.m. without any harmful effects, though he had fitted drip-feed oilers to the bearings and ran them with a high per-minute drip rate. A comparatively rare machine on the used market, the ML10 sold in fewer numbers than the larger models - although, to be fair, the latter did have a twenty-two year start. 
Like other Myfords the ML10 was cloned - one version (illustrated below) being sold in the UK by the long-established importer of Far Eastern machine tools, Warco, and another, perhaps only sold in Australia and New Zealand, badged "Pony".
Used Myford lathes of all types can often be found for sale on this page:
Copyright: Tony Griffiths

Later model Myford ML10 shown in basic form without motor, leadscrew dog clutch or raiser blocks.

One of the last made: an unused  "Diamond" 10 on the rare cabinet stand and fitted with factory-installed electrics, standard-fit integrated bed raiser blocks and countershaft unit, the long T-slotted cross slide, dog clutch on the leadscrew and a graduated handle to the leadscrew end

Myford Speed 10  3.25" x 18" shown fitted to raising blocks and with a dog clutch on the leadscrew

Made by the Wey Yii Corporation, this Chinese ML10 clone was sold in the UK as a Warco

The same Chinese copy as sold in Australia. When purchased, the customer was faced with a number of difficulties for, as supplied, not a single item for screwcutting could be assembled, the changewheels studs were too short (though 22 gears were provided) and the banjo would not mount on its bracket. The backgear refused to engage and the pivot for the countershaft bracket, being positioned inside the drip tray, made the backgear safety cover interlocked & unusable . Luckily, the owner had started an apprentice as a toolmaker and managed to sort everything out. When running the machine provided good service and undertook production work for many years with the unhardened bed taking a good polish but showing no signs of wear.

Simple slide-in backgear (just like the pre-WW2 Myford ML2
and ML4
) and the left-right threaded belt tensioning rod

The Speed 10 lathe was introduced to bridge the gap between the ML7 and ML10. It had a longer bed than the standard ML10, at 18" between centres, and was fitted with a countershaft unit having an eccentrically mounted top shaft carrying a double-step V belt pulley drive from the motor; this doubled the number of speeds from 6 to 12 and gave a range of 48-2000 rpm. The eccentric shaft allowed the motor-to-countershaft belt to be slackened and the high or low speed range selected by moving the V belt from one pulley to another.

Apron, saddle and compound slide detail. The saddle traverse handle operates not on a rack, but directly onto the leadscrew, allowing the inner part of the handle to be used as a dial thread indicator.

MYFORD ML10 Continued on page 2

Myford Home Page

An Instruction Book & Parts Manual s available for the ML10

MYFORD ML10 & Speed 10 Lathes
- and "Warco" and "Pony" Clones -

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