A long-established and successful French Company - their first lathes and milling machines being manufactured cira 1873 - Huron was first named after its founder Pierre Philippe Huré, as Etablissemets P.Huré and then, from 1967, as Huré S.A.
Early Huron products included both conventional and unusual designs of vertical and horizontal milling machines, backgeared and screwcutting lathes, horizontal borers and gear-cutting machines. However, the first sight of what was to become the Huron trade mark, the revolutionary double-swivel milling head, was not until an industrial exhibition - les Grandes Usines - held in 1894. However, apart from the head, the rest of the miller was entirely conventional, being based on an established and quite ordinary horizontal type with flat-belt drive and backgear. In 1913 Pierre's son, Léon, became involved in the business and, by 1921, had developed his father's early double-swivel head machine into the far more versatile and now very familiar ram-head form. The first models of this type were constructed not by Huron themselves but, inexplicably, by the well-known Swiss company Oerlikon, in Zurich, during 1924 - perhaps internal politicking in the factory had caused some sort of rift between the generations and it was the son's only way of getting his design manufactured.
By the 1940s through to the 1950s a wide variety of the Type "K" was being offered, all incorporating the swivelling head and including general purpose, specialised and copying versions; the Model Types included the "K", "KU", "KVC", KVCAO", "KVP", "KH", "KVR", "KUR", "KHR", "LR", 2-LUR", and "L". By the 1960s a modified range of machines was in production, these being given the prefix "M" and "N" with identified versions being the: "N", "M", "NU", "MU", "MVC", "MVCAO", "MVP", "MVPCNP", "MVPCNC", "MVGVCNP", "MVGVCNC", "MH", "MVR", "MUR", "MUCNP", "MUCNC", "MHCNP", "MHCNC", "MHR", "LR", "2-LUR", "L", "P", "PU", "PUCNP", "PUCNC", "R" and "RU".
Capable of being adapted to an unusually wide range of machining operations the Huron type is still popular today, though the very mass of the machines mitigates against their use in smaller workshops.
The photographic essay about Huron is continued on Page 2, details of the M and N Type machines here and examples of the Huron millings machine at work here
Huron millers were also built under licence in Japan by the Roku-Roku company.
Si un lecteur peut aider avec des images d'extraits de catalogue sur les premiers fraiseuses Hure, l'écrivain serait ravi de vous entendre