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Gläss Lathes

Bernhard Gläss lathes were manufactured in Chemnitz, Germany - an area famous for its many machine-tool makers of whom the largest and best-known before WW2 were Wanderer, Reinecker, Biernatzki and Pfauter. Marketed exclusively through the Schuchardt & Schütte organisation, Gläss built a wide range of lathes including conventional bed types with centres heights up to 600 mm and large facing models, on bed plates, able to mount massive faceplates and chucks up to 3000 mm in diameter. Other machines were also built, including specialised oil-grooving equipment but after WW2 the company disappeared, having been absorbed into the nationalised WMW organisation inside the communist-controlled German Democratic Republic.
The ZGp and ZGq lathes from around 1910 to 1925 were typical of the company's products in the early years of the 20th century and were made in an unusually  wide variety of sizes: centre heights ranged from 155 through 180, 210, 235, 260, 285, 325, 400 and 450  mm and between-centres capacities could be had as 500, 800, 1000, 15000, 2000, 2500, 3000, 4000, 5000, 6000, 7000 and 8000 mm. Weights spanned a considerable 620 to 9650 kg with, naturally enough, appropriately wider beds and stronger stands for the bigger machines..


1914 Gläss ZGp lathe

The little changed 1922 Gläss ZGp lathe

1914 - 1922 Gläss ZGq lathe

Marked as D.R.G.M. (Deutsches Reich Gebrauchs Muster) this beautifully constructed Gläss lathe - circa 1910 to 1925 -  has several interesting points worth of study. A most unusual - and possibly unique fitting - was the ingenious method of providing a fine feed to the screwcutting gearbox by means of a gear beneath the headstock, driven from the wide (backgear) bull-wheel on the spindle, transmitting a drive through a pair of bevel gears to a worm gear inside the box. Note also the very deep apron with the facility of an instant reverse to the power feeds by means of a large bevel gear-- a system also used on many contemporary American lathes.


A robust geared-head Gläss lathe probably from the late 1930s or 1940s

email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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Gläss Lathes