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Flott Bench and Pillar Drilling Machines

Literature is available for older Flott Drills


Founded in 1854 - and now the oldest maker of drilling machines in the world -  Friedr. Aug. Arnz Flott GmbH + Co. is based in Remscheid,  North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, a town once well known for its expertise in engineering and high-class toolmaking. Today Flott still thrive, export world-wide and offer an especially wide variety of drills as well as band sanders, double-ended grinders, metal saws and special machines. During the 1950s a range of bench and pillar drills was offered, amongst which the more popular appear to have been the small, bench-mounted high-speed Type TB-6 and two floor-standing pillar models: the ordinary V-belt drive SB-23 and the variable-speed SB-23-ST (SB is the Flott abbreviation for a floor drill).
Equipped with a 1.3 kW motor running at 1680 r.p.m. the all-mechanical drive system of the Mk. 1 SB-23-ST consisted of two reduction stages. each using expanding and contracting pulleys. The result was a usefully deep speed range, quoted by the makers as being from 240 to 2400 r.p.m. - though it also appears that a choice of two other motors may have been available, these giving speed ranges of 100 to 1000 and 200 to 2000 r.p.m. As the drive system was all-belt, drilling holes at the machine's maximum capacity of 25 mm (1-inch) in steel would almost certainly have been less effective than if equipped with a combination of belt and reduction gearing - as used by many other makers. However, with a 5-inch diameter column supported on a 24" x 12" foot with three T-slots, an 11" x 16
3/8" table with two T-slots, a quill travel of 6 inches, a throat of 12 inches, an all-up weight of 772 lbs and a choice of either a No. 2 or No. 3 Morse taper spindle (the latter with the slower set of speeds), the SB-23-ST would certainly have been capable of heavy work.
Also with a 1-inch capacity in steel, the ordinary V-belt equipped Mk. 1 Flott SB-23 had an exactly similar mechanical specification and could, again, be supplied with different motors, one of 1100 Watts giving speeds of 200, 340, 550, 770, 1250 and 2000 r.p.m. the other of 1500 Watts (on a drill listed as the Type SB-23-S) at exactly half those rates. The slower speed version was intended to cope with heavier, larger work and consequently supplied with a No. 3 Morse taper spindle in place of the No.2 fitted to the higher-speed model.
Both the Mk. 1 SB-23-ST and Mk. 1SB-23 could be had with an 18-inch diameter round rather than rectangular table, the latter fixed in the horizontal plane but the former able to be inclined left and right as well as rotated in its housing. Both types were elevated by a crank handle, using rack-and-pinion gearing, and locked to the column with a pair of clamps. Coolant equipment was available at extra cost, both tables being formed with a collection channel around their edges with a pipe leading first to a lower column-encircling drain ring and then to a floor-standing coolant tank with its electric pump. The drill was also offered in a Mk. 2 version, this having much the same main mechanical parts but with a modified drive system that resulted in a distinctive stepped top cover (illustrated below). Using Poly-V belts, this version was equipped with a 2-step pulley on the motor driving forwards to an intermediate shaft with a matching 2-step pulley and, above it, a 3-step pulley to drive the spindle. The result, powered by a 1.1 kW 1400 r.p.m. motor, was a range of 6 speeds panning a range from 100 to 1000 r.p.m. As an option, for heavy-duty work, a 1.5 kW 700 r.p.m. motor could be supplied that resulted in speeds half as fast.
Intended for precision work using high speeds and small diameter drills, the Type TB6 was a bench-mounted machine available in three versions, the Types TB-6/1, TB-6/11 and TB-6/11 (TB being the Flott abbreviation for a bench drill). Each was of identical mechanical construction with a capacity in steel of 1/4", a drilling depth of 2.375", a spindle centre to column throat of 6.25", a column 2.75" in diameter, a foot with two T-slots of 6.75" x 11" (there was no elevating table) and a maximum height, with the head fully lifted by the use of a top-mounted crank handle, of 30" and a weight of approximately 119 lbs. The difference between the models lay in the motor - that on the TB-6/1 and TB-6/11 being rated at 550 Watts and running at 1400 r.p.m. while on the TB-6/11 a 2-speed, 250/350 Watt,  1400/2800 r.p.m. unit was used. Motor and spindle were each fitted with identical and interchangeable 3-step cone pulleys, these being held on tapers and secured by knurled nuts, the turning of which, to the left, caused the taper to be broken. By shifting the flat, 17 mm wide silk belt - yes, it really was silk - from step to step and interchanging the pulleys six speeds were available, these being: TB-6/1 450, 700, 1150, 1700, 2900 and 4500 r.p.m. Somewhat faster, those on the TB-6/11 ran from 900 through 1400, 2300, 3400, 5800 to 9000 r.p.m. With a 2-speed motor, the TB-6/111 had 12 speeds: 450, 700,900, 1150, 1400, 1700, 2300,2900, 3400, 4500, 5800 and 9000 r.p.m.
Fitted as standard was an ordinary key-operated 1/4" chuck, though for a considerable extra cost a more appropriate type could be supplied - a precision keyless by Albecht..

A standard Mk. 2 Flott SB-23-S with a single-speed motor and rectangular table

A Mk. 2 Flott SB-23-S with a two-speed motor, round table and coolant equipment

This type of Flott drill used a Poly-V drive, generally with a 2-step pulley on the motor driving forwards to an intermediate shaft with a matching pulley and, above it, a 3-step pulley to drive the spindle. The result, powered by a 1.1 kW 1400 r.p.m. motor, was a range of 6 speeds panning a range from 100 to 1000 r.p.m. As an option, for heavy-duty work, a 1.5 kW 700 r.p.m. motor could be supplied that resultedin speeds half as fast.

Speed chart Mk. 2 SB-23 with standard-fit 1400 r.p.m. motor

Flott drill with coolant equipment and a foot-operated switch

Flott SB-23-ST with variable-speed drive

Equipped with a 1.3 kW motor running at 1680 r.p.m. the all-mechanical drive system of the Mk. 1 SB-23-ST consisted of two reduction stages. each using expanding and contracting pulleys. The result was a usefully deep speed range, quoted by the makers as being from 240 to 2400 r.p.m. - though it also appears that a choice of two other motors may have been available, these giving speed ranges of 100 to 1000 and 200 to 2000 r.p.m. As the drive system was all-belt, drilling holes at the machine's maximum capacity of 25 mm (1-inch) in steel would almost certainly have been less effective than if equipped with a combination of belt and reduction gearing - as used by many other makers. However, with a 5-inch diameter column supported on a 24" x 12" foot with three T-slots, an 11" x 163/8" table with two T-slots, a quill travel of 6 inches, a throat of 12 inches, an all-up weight of 772 lbs and a choice of either a No. 2 or No. 3 Morse taper spindle (the latter with the slower set of speeds), the SB-23-ST would certainly have been capable of heavy work.

Flott SB-23-ST with variable-speed drive unit. The double-step arrangement gave a range
of speeds from around 240 to 2400 r.p.m. when fitted with a 1.3 kW, 1680 r.p.m. motor

Section through the spindle of the variable-speed Flott Type SB-23-ST


Intended for precision work using high speeds and small diameter drills, the Type TB6 was a bench-mounted machine available in three versions, the Types TB-6/1, TB-6/11 and TB-6/11 (TB being the Flott abbreviation for a bench drill). Each was of identical mechanical construction with a capacity in steel of 1/4", a drilling depth of 2.375", a spindle centre to column throat of 6.25", a column 2.75" in diameter, a foot with two T-slots of 6.75" x 11" (there was no elevating table) and a maximum height, with the head fully lifted by the use of a top-mounted crank handle, of 30" and a weight of approximately 119 lbs. The difference between the models lay in the motor - that on the TB-6/1 and TB-6/11 being rated at 550 Watts and running at 1400 r.p.m. while on the TB-6/11 a 2-speed, 250/350 Watt,  1400/2800 r.p.m. unit was used. Motor and spindle were each fitted with identical and interchangeable 3-step cone pulleys, these being held on tapers and secured by knurled nuts, the turning of which, to the left, caused the taper to be broken. By shifting the flat, 17 mm wide silk belt - yes, it really was silk - from step to step and interchanging the pulleys six speeds were available, these being: TB-6/1 450, 700, 1150, 1700, 2900 and 4500 r.p.m. Somewhat faster, those on the TB-6/11 ran from 900 through 1400, 2300, 3400, 5800 to 9000 r.p.m. With a 2-speed motor, the TB-6/111 had 12 speeds: 450, 700,900, 1150, 1400, 1700, 2300,2900, 3400, 4500, 5800 and 9000 r.p.m.
Fitted as standard was an ordinary key-operated 1/4" chuck, though for a considerable extra cost a more appropriate type could be supplied - a precision keyless by Albecht..

Flott TB-6 with the drive pulleys and belt set for maximum speed

Flott TB-6 with the drive pulleys and belt set for minimum speed

Flott TB-6 speed charts


Literature is available for older Flott Drills

Flott Bench and Pillar Drilling Machines
email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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